Carpet Glossary ... a quick lesson
Frieze and plush pile and loop, oh my.
Density. The closeness of the yarns in a carpet. Denser pile translates into better quality.
Fiber. The basic material in a carpet, fiber is either manmade (nylon, polyester, polypropylene/Olefin, acrylics) or natural (wool, sisal). There are five fiber types:
- Nylon. The most common fiber, nylon is durable and resilient. When treated, it offers good stain resistance and camouflages dirt. It is prone to static, however.
- Polyester. This hypoallergenic fiber is resists fading, withstands stains, and offers a variety of textures and colors. Some fibers are recycled from plastic bottles. However, it is susceptible to crushing.
- Poypropylene/Olefin. This carpet stands up to sunlight, bleach, and stains, but it is less resilient, which can cause crushing. Color selection tends to be limited.
- Wool. Along with lending a luxurious look and feel, wool purifies indoor air, inhibits dust mite and bacteria growth, and possesses inherent hypoallergenic properties. It is the most expensive type of carpet
- Introducing the first new fiber in decades is
.SMARTSTRAND. The toughest, easiest to clean carpet on the planet™
Using the most advanced fiber innovation, SmartStrand® Forever Clean carpets offer the highest level of beauty, comfort, and performance available.
- The perfect carpet for families with kids and pets
- New Nanoloc™ spill protection technology for quick and easy cleanup
- The only carpet with permanent built-in stain and soil protection that won't wash or wear off
- Exceptional durability that preserves the style, beauty, and appearance of your carpet
- Luxurious softness that you can sink your toes into
- A breakthrough technology in renewable and sustainable carpet
Pad. Also called "cushion" or "underlay," carpet pad is the thin foam, fiber, or rubber layer beneath carpets. It prolongs the life of a carpet, serves as an insulator, and adds comfort.
Pile. The visible surface of a carpet, pile consists of fiber tufts in loops that are either cut or uncut. Also called "nap." There are four general types:
- Cut and Loop Pile. This style combines lower loops and higher cut piles on one surface, producing pattern, textures, and sculpting.
- Level Loop Pile. Short, even, densely packed loops create a durable, easy to clean surface. Berber, one type of level loop pile, typically contains flecks of dark color on a light background.
- Multilevel Loop Pile. Two or three varying levels of loops produce patterns both geometric and abstract.
- Cut Pile. Featuring loops cut to the same height, this common construction encompasses five styles:
- Saxony features tightly twisted cut piles standing straight up.
- Plush has closely packed tufts all the same length (longer than Saxony) for a smooth, luxurious surface. Also called "velvet."
- Textured carpet mixes twisted and straight piles for a nubby look.
- Frieze is highly twisted with fibers curling in different directions for a highly textured look.
- Shag is a deep pile carpet with long strands that are slightly twisted and set farther apart for a shaggy appearance.
Before choosing a carpet, consider these factors.
How To Clean. Carpet requires regular vacuuming and occasional deep cleaning. Choose a stain- and soil-resistant style to simplify cleanup.
Best for: Bedrooms, living and family rooms, playrooms, and dining rooms.
Pet Friendly? We gotcha covered here! Carpet is most prone to damage from messes and traffic, so choose a style that is durable and stain treated, won't snag claws, and disguises pet hair. Choose one of our new H2O carpets from Tigressa. It covers the 3 pees our pets are prone to (pee, poo, and puke)! Water cannot penetrate its backing. Stop in for a demo seeing is beliving! Another benefit: Carpet can actually trap allergens to prevent them from circulating in the air.
When it comes to the environment, our Tigressa H2O carpet is 100% cradle to cradle. It is made from recycled nylon and when you want to replace it, the old carpet gets recycled and made into new carpet! Consider this: Some manufacturers are making carpet fibers from recycled soda and water bottles. The bottles are sorted, ground into chips, and cleaned; the chips are then melted, extruded into fiber, and spun into carpet yarn. Other carpet fibers are crafted from corn sugar. You will find these in our Innovia lines Plus, manufacturers are taking steps toward greener production, from reducing greenhouse emissions to extending carpets' longevity to reduce waste. The industry is also minimizing environmental impact by recycling carpet at the end of its life, whether into new carpet or other products, such as roofing shingles and automotive parts.
Carpet is a good thermal and acoustic insulator. It's slip-resistant, easy to stand on, and great for children to play on. It's available in a wide variety of colors, patterns and textures. Carpet can help trap allergens, and most of our styles are eco-friendly. All of our carpets meet the CRI seal of approval...